Portrait Image in Pushkin’s Prose of the Thirties in the 19th Century

© Media Watch 11 (4) 630-647, 2020
ISSN 0976-0911 | e-ISSN 2249-8818
DOI: 10.15655/mw/2020/v11i4/204630


Portrait Image in Pushkin’s Prose of
the Thirties in the 19th Century    


Lyudmila Anatoliyevna Krylova1, Aray Kanapiyanovna Zhundibayeva2,
Zhanbay Turarovich Kadyrov3, Zhanar Serkeshovna Talaspayeva4,
Gulnara Tagirovna Fatkiyeva5, & Yelena Viktorovna Sabiyeva6
1,3,4,6North Kazakhstan University named by M. Kozybaev, Kazakhstan
2Shakarim University, Kazakhstan
5Sh. Ualikhanov Kokshetau State University, Kazakhstan



The article explores the specifics of Pushkin’s portrait as a media image based on The Shot, The Queen of Spades, and The Captain’s Daughter stories. The external portrait of his characters is concise and consists of several expressive details. The author delegates it to other characters. At first glance, the portrait is created according to romantic patterns: an unusual name, an intriguing appearance, a mysterious past, strange habits. Meanwhile, all the images are realistic. The writer creates an intriguing portrait – a false external portrait of a character hiding the image’s idea. The author reveals the essence of the character through its “internal portrait,” which can be seen on the ontological level, comprehending the genesis of its name and the life secret, the character’s real world and personal space, the character’s place in the plot of the work and the situation of choice. Pushkin’s prose is like a detective film, where the image of the character will still have to be unraveled by the reader.


Keywords:  External portrait, image, intrigue portrait, name genesis, portrait as a text, physical world



Amelin G. (2005). Lectures on the philosophy of literature. Moscow., pp.424

Abulhanova, Z. R., Mingazova, L. I., Kayumova, G. F., & Ibrayeva, A. T. (2019). General spirituality: The turkish lifestyle at the tatar literature of the late 19th-early 20th centuries. Journal of Research in Applied Linguistics, 10(SpecialIssue), 671-678. doi:10.22055/rals.2019.15117 

Alektorova L.L. (1975). Dictionary of synonyms.   Leningrad., pp.618

Arkhangelsky A.N. (1999). Conversations about Russian literature. Moscow., pp.255

Bakhtin M.M. (1979). Problems of Dostoevsky’s poetics. Moscow., pp. 318.

Chernetz L.V. (2004). Introduction to literary criticism. Moscow., pp.416

Davydov S. (1999). Sound and theme in Pushkin’s prose. Pushkin and the poetic language of the twentieth century. Moscow., pp.311

Eikhenbaum B.M. (1969). About the idea of   “Count Nulin”. Leningrad., pp.349-357

Farino E. (2004). Introduction to literary criticism. SPb.: Publishing house of the RSPU named after A.I. Herzen, pp. 639 

Kachurin M.G. (1987). Research in Literature Lessons. Moscow., pp.175

Kolesov V.V. (2014). Dictionary of Russian mentality, Vol. 2. SPb, pp.592

Klyuchevsky V.O. (1880). Speech delivered at a solemn meeting at Moscow State University. vol. 9, part 1. Moscow., pp. -77-84

Lotman Yu.M. (2002). Articles on the semiotics of culture and art.  SPb. Moscow., pp.544

Lotman Yu.M. (2003). Articles and notes. SPb., pp. 312

Lotman Yu.M. (1992). The Queen of Spades and the Theme of Cards and Card Games in Russian Literature of the Beginning of the 19th Century. Selected Articles. Tallinn, Vol. 2., pp.30

Nepomnyashchy V.S. (1983). Poetry and Destiny. Moscow., pp.368

Nureeva, G. I., Mingazova, L. I., Ibrayeva, A. T., & Faridovna, K. G. (2019). Literary drawing room: Children’s poetry translated by r. minnullin. Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology, 10(4), 186-191. doi:10.31901/24566764.2019/10.04.310 

Orthodox calendar. (2006). Sylvanas Gazkiy’s story. Moscow., pp.12

Pasternak B.L. (1999). Collected works in 5 volumes, Vol. 1. Moscow., pp.358 

Pushkin A.S. (1987). Shot. Composition in three volumes, vol. 3, Moscow., pp.48-59

Pushkin A.S. (1987). Captain’s Daughter. Composition in three volumes, vol. 3, Moscow., p.232-320

Pushkin A.S. (1987). Angelo. An essay in three volumes. Vol. 3.  Moscow., pp.-164-189

Pushkin A.S. (1987). The Queen of Spades – An essay in three volumes. Vol. 3. Moscow., pp. 190-214

Pushkin A.S. (1987). Kirdjali. Composition in three volumes. Vol.3. Moscow., pp. 214-219

Pushkin, A. S. (1998). Complete Works: In 17 volumes. V.9. Part 2: The Story of Pugachev.  USSR Academy of Sciences. Moscow: Sunday, pp.465 

Serov N.V. (2004). Color in culture.  Moscow. pp. 672

Skvoznikov V.D. (1999). Pushkin. The historical thought of the poet. Moscow., pp.230

Slonimsky A. (1963). The Mastery of Pushkin. – Moscow., pp.527

Superanskaya A.V. (2005). Modern dictionary of personal names. – Moscow., pp.384

Vatsuro V.E. (1994). The Tale of the Late Ivan Petrovich Belkin.  Commentator’s Notes, St. Petersburg: Academic Project, 1994. pp. 29–48.

Vinogradov V.V. (1980). About the language of fiction. Moscow., pp.360


Lyudmila Anatoliyevna Krylova is a Professor in the Department of Russian Language and Literature at the North Kazakhstan University named by M. Kozybaev, Kazakhstan. Dr. Krylova’s research interests include culturological, axiological, and ontological aspects of literary text analysis.

Aray Kanapiyanovna Zhundibayeva is an Associate Professor in the Department of Kazakh Language and Literature at the Shakarim University, Kazakhstan. Dr. Aray’s academic interests are in literary theory, history of Kazakh literature, literature and linguistics of Turkic peoples, intercultural communication, literary studies, paralinguistic, Tatar morphology, the syntax of Kyrgyz, and Tatar, Turkish languages.

Zhanbay Turarovich Kadyrov is a Professor in the Department of Kazakh Language and Literature at the North Kazakhstan University named by M. Kozybaev, Kazakhstan. Dr. Kadyrov’s research areas include history of literature and theory of literature.

Zhanar Serkeshovna Talaspayeva is an Associate Professor in the Department of Kazakh Language and Literature at the North Kazakhstan University named by M. Kozybaev, Kazakhstan. Dr. Talaspayeva’s academic interests lie in basic questions of the relationship between language and culture, the mentality of the Kazakh people, linguistic and cultural concepts in cognitive perception

Gulnara Tagirovna Fatkiyeva is an Associate Professor in the Department of Russian Philology and Library Science at the Kokshetau State University, Kazakhstan. Her academic interests are in Russian language and literature.

Yelena Viktorovna Sabiyeva is the Director of the Institute of Language and Literature of the North Kazakhstan University named by M. Kozybaev, Kazakhstan.  Dr. Sabiyeva’s research areas are onomastics, linguistics, toponymy, morphology, and word formation.


Correspondence to: Aray Kanapiyanovna Zhundibayeva, Department of Kazakh Language and Literature, Shakarim University, Office 513, Glinki 20a, Semey, Kazakhstan 071410


© 2020 by the author. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits any use, reproduction, and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed properly. The article may be reused without special permission provided that the original article is properly attributed. The reuse of an article does not imply prior approval by the authors or Media Watch.