© Media Watch 12 (1) 67-78, 2021
ISSN 0976-0911 | E-ISSN 2249-8818
“Wombs-for-Hire”: Biopolitics and Neoliberal Eugenics of Indian Commercial Surrogacy Industry in Amulya Malladi’s A House for Happy Mothers
Eva Sharma1 & Isha Malhotra2
1Independent Researcher, Jammu and Kashmir, India
2Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, India
The commercial surrogacy industry in India has become a site of neoliberal eugenics and state-led bio-politics. Individuals can make certain reproductive choices by commissioning the bodies of less privileged women surrogates. The advancements of biomedicines and biotechnology have furthered the revival of the consumer-driven neoliberal market place, reducing surrogates to mere “wombs-for-hire.” The paper examines Amulya Malladi’s A House for Happy Mothers (2016) to explore the bioeconomic and bioethical paradigms related to exploitative surrogacy practices based on systemic and structural inequalities of class and gender in India. Drawing on the theoretical framework of Foucault’s biopolitics and Nikolas Rose’s neoliberal eugenic politics, an attempt is made to unpack the problematics of the medico-industrial complex of the fast-growing Indian fertility industry.
Keywords: Commercial surrogacy, India, ART, bioethics, biomedicine, biopolitics, neo-liberal eugenics
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Eva Sharma is working as an independent researcher based in Union Territory of Jammu & Kashmir, India. Her areas of research interest lie in the field of surrogacy, ART, and body politics.
Isha Malhotra is an Assistant Professor in the School of Languages and Literature, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences at Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, Jammu and Kashmir, India. Her area of interest includes gender studies, body politics, and cultural studies.
Correspondence to: Isha Malhotra, School of Languages and Literature, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University Campus, Sub-Post Office, Katra, Jammu, and Kashmir – 182320, India