The Threat and Fear of War: The State and Politics in American Mass Media

© Media Watch 11 (3) 439-446, 2020
ISSN 0976-0911 | e-ISSN 2249-8818
DOI: 10.15655/mw/2020/v11i3/202930

The Threat and Fear of War: The State and Politics in American Mass Media

 

Dana O. Baigozhina1, Marina R. Zheltukhina2, Tatiana A. Shiryaeva3,
Elena V. Talybina4, Natalia A. Minakova5, and Irina A. Zyubina6

1 L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Kazakhstan
2 Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University, Russia
3 Pyatigorsk State University, Russia
4,5 Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Russia
6 Southern Federal University, Russia

 

Abstract

The cultivation of political fears of the state and radical change of attitudes in the minds of people is possible in certain socio-political and economic conditions and massive propaganda in the mass media. The concept of political fear is insufficiently studied in psycholinguistics. This article is dedicated to exploring the political fears of the state in the modern American mass media. This research uses hypothetical-deductive and inductive methods, methods of definitional, interpretative and subjective analysis, and content analysis. It is found that in the modern American mass media, political fear of the state is revealed in fear of war and competition. To verbalize the horror of war and struggle, politicians in power use various tactics of agonal function as the main means of impact on opponents.

 

Keywords:     International politics, media discourse, state tactics, fear, war, American media, psycholinguistics

References

Allison, G. (2013). China doesn’t belong in the BRICS. The Atlantic. Retrieved from https://www.theatlantic.com/china/archive/2013/03/china-doesnt-belong-in-the-brics/274363/.

Antsupov, A.Ya., & Shipilov, A.I. (2004). Conflictology. Moscow: YUNITI-DANA.

Arif, M., & Hayat, N. (2017). International media framing of China’s domestic politics: An analysis of Aljazeera English and BBC News. Media Watch, 9(1), 89-105.

Baker, P. (2017). Remembering President Obama. New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/01/books/review/peter-baker-obama-the-call-of-history.html

Boeva-Îmelechko, N.B., Zheltukhina, M.R., Ryabko, O.P., Matveeva, G.G., Murugova, E.V., & Zyubina, I.A. (2018). Unusual antonyms: inter-part-of-speech interaction in English fictional discourse. Space and Culture, India, 6(4), 112-121.

Buchanan, P.J., (2014). Americans don’t see Ukraine as their cause. The American Conservative. Retrieved from: https://www.theamericanconservative.com/americans-dont-see-ukraine-as-their-cause/.

Butenko, A.P., & Mironov, A.V. (1998). Comparative politology in terms and concepts. Moscow: Moscow Psychological and Social University.

Carden, J. (2014). The containment revival’s strategic shortcomings. The American Conservative. Retrieved from https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/the-containment-revivals-strategic-shortcomings/.

Chumley, Ch.K. (2013). U.S. in cyberweapons race with China, Russia. The Washington Times. Retrieved from https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2013/feb/20/us-cyberweapons-race-china-russia/.

Clausewitz, K. (2008). About the war. Moscow: Moscow Psychological and Social Institute.

Deriabin, V.S. (2014). The emotions generated by the social environment. Philosophy and Humanities in the Information Society, 3, 115-146.

Dreyfuss, B. (2013). United States, China, competes for Russia’s favor. The Nation. Retrieved from https://www.thenation.com/article/united-states-china-compete-russias-favor/.

Huntington, S. (1998). The clash of civilizations. Moscow: Higher School of Economics National Research University.

Iliin, Ye.P. (2001). Emotions and feelings. Saint-Petersburg: Piter.

Ingemarson, A. (2014). Ukraine shares the blame for Russia’s aggression. American Thinker. Retrieved from https://www.americanthinker.com/articles/2014/04/ukraine_shares_the_blame_for_russias_aggression.html.

Jain, P., Sodha, D., & Jain, M.P. (2018). Gender differences and political deliberations on social media. Media Watch, 9(3), 465-471.

James, W. (2011). Pragmatism: a new name for some old ways of thinking. Moscow: LKI.

Kocherlakota, N. (2016). The real reason to worry about China. Bloomberg. Retrieved from https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2016-03-14/the-real-reason-to-worry-about-china.

Larison, D. (2014). The delusions of American hawks. The American Conservative. Retrieved from https://www.theamericanconservative.com/larison/the-delusions-of-american-hawks/.

Maltus, T.R., (1993). The experience on the principle of population. Petrozavodsk: Petrokom.

Minakova, N.A., Ponomarenko, E.B., & Talybina, E.V. (2018). About three groups of loanwords of mass media language (on the material of Moscow newspapers). Modern Science: Actual Problems of Theory and Practice, the Humanities Series, 4, 139-143.

Moss, T. (2012). 5 things the Pentagon isn’t telling us about the Chinese military. Foreign Policy. Retrieved from https://foreignpolicy.com/2012/05/23/5-things-the-pentagon-isnt-telling-us-about-the-chinese-military/.

Osipov, N.Ye. (2015). Psychoanalytic and philosophical studies. Moscow: Àcademicheskiy Proekt.

Papakyriakopoulos, O., Serrano, J.C.M., & Hegelich, S. (2020). Political communication on social media: A tale of hyperactive users and bias in recommender systems. Online Social Networks and Media, 15, 100058.

Repina, E.A., Zheltukhina, M.R., Kovaleva, N.A., Popova, T.G., & Garcia Caselles, C. (2018). International media image of Russia: trends and patterns of perception. XLinguae, 11(2), 557-565.

Rieff, D. (2016). The Long War on Terror. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/24/opinion/sunday/the-long-war-onterror.html.

Schuman, M. (2013). The real reason to worry about China. Business Time. Retrieved from http://business.time.com/2013/04/28/the-real-reason-to-worry-about-china/.

Shiryaeva, T., Gelyaeva, A., Alikaev, R., Huchinaeva, D., & Toguzaeva, M. (2018). A theory-driven framework for the study of language in business. XLinguae, 1, 82-90.

Shiryaeva, T.A., & Avsharov, A.G. (2018). Socio-cognitive modeling as a methodological basis of business discourse analysis. Issues of Cognitive Linguistics, 1, 94-102.

Smith, P.L. (2014). Liberal media myth officially dead: brazen propaganda, historical amnesia, and the New York Times. Salon. Retrieved from https://www.salon.com/2014/04/16/liberal_media_myth_officially_dead_brazen_propaganda_historical_amnesia_and_the_ new_york_times/.

Sustaining U.S. Global leadership: priorities for 21st-century defense. (2012). Retrieved from http://archive.defense.gov/news/defense_strategic_guidance.pdf.

Zelenskaya, L.L., Zubareva, T.T., Denisenko, V.N., Chervyakova, L.D., & Kosova, Yu.A. (2018). Verbal means of media manipulation with fears (on material of the American, English and Russian tabloid press). XLinguae, 11(3), 39-50.

Zheltukhina, M.R., Busygina, M.V., Merkulova, M.G., Zyubina, I.A., & Buzinova, L.M. (2018). Linguopragmatic aspect of modern communication: main political media speech strategies and tactics in the USA and the UK. XLinguae, 11(2), 639-654.

Zheltukhina, Ì.R. (2003). Tropological suggestiveness of mass media discourse: on the problem of speech impact of tropes in the language of mass media. Moscow: Russian Academy of Sciences.

Zheltukhina, Ì.R. (2007). Suggestive impact in the Russian, English, and German linguocultures. In Communicative Technology in Education, Business, Politics, and Law of the XXI Century: A Person and His Discourse (pp. 201-213). Volgograd: PrinÒårrà.

Zheltukhina, Ì.R., & Omelchenko, A.V. (2008a). Communication technology in the XXI century. Volgograd: Non-State Educational Institution of Additional Professional Education.

Zheltukhina, Ì.R., & Omelchenko, A.V. (2008b). The psychology of mass communications. Volgograd: Non-State Educational Institution of Additional Professional Education.

Zheltukhina, Ì.R., & Omelchenko, A.V. (2010). The dialogue of cultures in terms of information globalization and mass communication. The Russian Language in the Center of Europe, 13, 11-18.

Zigfeld, K. (2010). New York Times with Obama to the bitter end. American Thinker. Retrieved from https://www.americanthinker.com/articles/2010/11/new_york_times_with_obama_to_t.html.

Zigfeld, K. (2013). Putin’s Russia: Still an empire, still evil. American Thinker. Retrieved from https://www.americanthinker.com/articles/2013/03/putins_russia_still_an_empire_still_evil.html..

 

Dana O. Baigozhina is a Doctoral Student in the Department of TV, Radio, and Public Relations at L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University. Her academic directions are social communication, and media studies and society.

Marina R. Zheltukhina (Full Doctor in Philology) is a Professor in the Department of English Philology at Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University. Her area of academic interest includes problems of media linguistics, foreign language lexicology, and innovative processes in education.

Tatiana A. Shiryaeva (Full Doctor in Philology) is Head of the Department of English Language and Professional Communication at Pyatigorsk State University, Russian Federation. Her academic interests concentrate on professional communication research, linguistic, cognitive modeling, and modern methods and innovative technologies of teaching foreign languages.

Elena V. Talybina (Ph.D. in Philology) is an Associate Professor in the Department of Russian Language and Teaching Methods at Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University). Her research interests are nonverbal communication, literary translation, and scientific speech.

Natalia A. Minakova (Ph.D. in Philology) is an Associate Professor in the Department of Russian Language and Teaching Methods at Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University). She studies and publishes on Russian as a foreign language, linguistic and systematic analysis of the vocabulary of newspaper and journalistic discourse.

Irina A. Zyubina (Ph.D. in Philology) is an Associate Professor in the Department of Linguistics and Professional Communication at Southern Federal University. Her research focuses on the English language and literature, in particular, ethnolinguistics, paralinguistics, and intercultural communication.