Media, Gender and Peace Initiatives in Northeast India: An Analysis

© Media Watch 10 (2) 223-343, 2019

ISSN 0976-0911 e-ISSN 2249-8818

DOI: 10.15655/mw/2019/v10i2/49624

Media, Gender and Peace Initiatives in Northeast India: An Analysis

Kh. Kabi & Ashes K. Nayak

Rajiv Gandhi University, India


Northeast part of India has always been in the news and public discourse for ongoing conflicts and violent events occurring from time to time. In such a context, the role media plays for resolution of such conflicts and restoration of peace cannot be ignored. Years-long, this part of the country has been suffering due to conflicts of various sorts and this has led to the loss of human lives and property of unaccountable proportion. Moreover, there are instances of such conflicts later resulting in civil wars and larger humanitarian crisis with people of one community perpetrating violence on the other. In such situations, women who are considered to be the most vulnerable among all have suffered the most. In this backdrop, the paper is a content analysis of six newspapers published from three selected states from the northeastern part of India. It looks at the way media, more specifically the print reacts to conflict situations and peace processes in northeast India. Apart from that, the paper also reflects upon the perception of the journalists towards the role print media is playing in conflict situations in Northeast India.

Keywords: Conflict reporting, dialogue, peace, media coverage, Northeast India


Abramowitz, S., & Moran, M. H. (2012). International human rights, gender-based violence and local discourses of abuse in post-conflict Liberia: A problem of ‘culture’? African Studies Review, 55(2), pp. 119–146.

Baruah, S. (1994). The state and separatist militancy in Assam: Winning a battle and losing the war? Asian Survey, 34(10), pp. 863–877.

Chakraborty, J., Borah, A. & Hazarika, M. (2015). From fractures to frames: Conflict reporting in newspapers of Assam. Global Media Journal – Indian Edition, 6 (1 and 2), pp. 1–18.

Charlesworth, H. (1999). Feminist methods in International law. The American Journal of International Law, 93(2), pp. 379- 394.

Chattarji, S. (2010, March 19). ‘Nagas at crossroads’: reporting conflict in Nagaland. Retrieved from: practice/-nagas-at-crossroads-reporting-conflict-in-Nagaland-4407

Chomsky, N. (2003). Understanding Power: The Indispensable New York: Vintage Publishing.

Hardjono, R. (2001, December 15). Reporting on war, listening to women. The Nieman Reports. Retrieved from:

Haynes, D, F. (2010). Lessons from Bosnia’s Arizona market: Harm to women in a neo-liberalized post-conflict reconstruction process. University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 158(6), pp. 1779–1829.

Holsti, O.R. (1969). Content Analysis for the Social Sciences and Humanities. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley Publishing.

International Media Support. (2014, September). Conflict Sensitive Journalism Handbook Special Edition, Myanmar. Retrived from:

Joseph, B. (2016). The role of media in ethnic conflict transformation: A case study of Kokrajhar. Ph.D. Thesis, Sikkim University: India.

Lintner, B. (2015). The Media and Ethnic Conflicts. In K. H. Kabi & S, N.Pattniak (Eds.), Media, Conflict, and Peace in Northeast India, (pp. 1-5), New Delhi, India: Vij Books.

Lloyd, F., & Howard, R. (2005). Gender, Conflict & Journalism: A handbook for South Asia. UNESCO.

Lyngdoh, A. W. (2016, April 16). Violence on the decline in NE: Report. Published in The Telegraph. Retrived from:

Mazurana, D., & Proctor, K. (2013, October 15). Gender, conflict and peace, Occasional paper.World Peace Foundation. Retrived from:

McNair, B. (2000). An Introduction to Political Communication. New Delhi: Sunrise Book Ltd.

Roy, S., & Das, T. (2015). Interrogating banality: The role of media in the peace process of Nagaland. Global Media Journal – Indian Edition, 6 (1 and 2), pp.1-12.

Sen, A. (2011). Marginal on the Map: Hidden wars and hidden media in Northeast India. Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, University of Oxford: UK.

Sengupta, A. (2007, November 2). Northeast India: Through the Prism of the National Media. Retrieved from:

Terzis, G., & Vassiliadou, M. (2008). Working with media in Areas Affected by Ethno-political Conflict. In Jan Servaes (Ed.), Communication for Development and Social Change, pp. 374-387, New Delhi: Sage.

Tumber, H., & Palmer, J. (2004). Media at War. New Delhi: Sage.

Turley, A. (2001). Communicating Peace. World Association of Christian Communicators. Retrieved from: http://

Wolfsfeld, G. (1997). Media and Political Conflict: News from the Middle East. UK: Cambridge University Press.

Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (2002). More Than Victims: The role of Women in Conflict Prevention. Retrived from:

Kh. Kabi (Ph.D., Assam University, India, 2011) is Professor and Head of the Department of Mass Communication, Rajiv Gandhi University, Arunachal Pradesh, India. His research interests include developmental communication, political and cultural communication, media and peace studies.

Ashes K. Nayak (Ph.D., Assam University, India, 2015) is a guest faculty in the Department of Mass Communication, Rajiv Gandhi University. His areas of research interests include critical media Literacy, culture and media studies.