© Media Watch 10 (2) 212-224, 2019
ISSN 0976-0911 e-ISSN 2249-8818
Global Media, Digital Journalism and the Question of Terrorism: An Empirical Inquest on ISIS
Okorie Nelson, Lanre Amodu, Ajibade Jegede,
Evaristus Adesina, & Olomola Martins
Covenant University, Nigeria
This study examined the role of digital journalism on insecurity and terrorist attacks of ISIS as reported by media outlets. This study was anchored on the framing theory, which stipulates that the digital media as the machinery of development communication for creating awareness of security issues. The method adopted was content analysis, which analyzed 30 news videos of ISIS terrorist activities based on Youtube. Also, four research questions were adequately answered in this study. From the findings, global media outlets framed their reports to secure sympathy from its global audience for the victims of extreme violence. The result indicated that more than 70% of CNN news reports were framed on the nature of terrorist attacks by ISIS. CNN built a media agenda on the patterns of attacks by ISIS. It was recommended that global media outlets should give sufficient attention to issues of security and terrorism across the globe.
Keywords: Digital journalism, Framing, ISIS, security, and terrorism
Adora, C.U. (2010). Renewing the face of counter terrorism for global peace: The challenges for theatre artist in Nigeria. Jos Journal of Humanities. 4(1), 114.
Adesina E., Odiboh, O., Oyero, O., Adeyeye, B., Yartey, D., & Ekanem, T. (2018). Publishing African communication researches in open access outlets: An interrogation of Scopus between 1996-2016 Paper presented at the 31st IBIMA Conference, Milan, Italy. 6340-6345
Alfailakawi, Y.(2018). What do selfies say about young Kuwait, Media Watch Journal, 9(2), 167-181
Boyle, K., & Mower, J.(2018). Framing terror: A content analysis of media frames used in covering ISIS. Retrieved https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0739532918775667
Chanchal, K. (2015). Islamic state of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) a Global threat. International Strategy to counter the threat. Journal of Social Science and Humanities 1(4), 345-353.
Chulov, M. (2014, June 10). ISIS insurgents seize control of Iraqi city of Mosul. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jun/10/iraq-sunni- insurgents-islamic-militants-seize-control-mosul
Cottle, S. (2009). Global crises in news: staging new wars, disasters a International Journal of Communication, 2009 (3), 494-516.
Deetz, S.A., Tracy, S.J. & Simpson, J.L. (2000). Leading organizations. through transition. London, Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Eguavoen, A.N.T. (2006). Culture, religion and terrorism in Imobighe, T.A. and Eguavoen, A.N.T. (Eds). Terrorism and counter terrorism: An African perspective. Ibadan: Heinemann education Books (Nig.) Plc
Fairhurst, G. & Star, R. (1996). The art of framing. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Fawaz, A.G. (2014). ISIS and the third wave of Jihadism. Current History. 339-343
Fondevila, G., & Joan, F. (2010). Multimedia, digital press and journalistic genres in Catalonia and in Spain: an empirical analysis. Communication Studies Journal, 7, 81-95.
Franklin, B. (2014) The future of journalism, journalism studies, 15:5, 481-499
Gerodimos, R. (2013). Global news, global challenges. In K.F.Watt, & S. Allan (Eds.), Journalism: New Challenges (pp. 477-495). England: Bournemouth University.
Gonchar, M. (2014. September 17). The ISIS threat: teaching about the complex war
Guo, L., Holton, A., & Jeong, S.H. (2012). Transnational comparative framing: a model for an emerging framing approach. International Journal of Communication, 6, 1918-1941.
Gulmohamad, Z.K. (2014). The rise and fall of Islamic State of Iraq and Al-sham (Levant) ISIS. Global Security Studies 5(2), 1-11
Hoffmann, B. (2006). Inside terrorism. New York: Columbia University Press.
Jegede, A. E. (2016). Modern technology, global risk and the challenges of crime in the era of late Modernity. In Nelson, O., Ojebuyi, B.R, & Salawu, A. (Eds.) Impact of the Media on African Socio-Economic Development. IGI Books Publication
Luna, S. and Zoltan, S. (2015). The rise of Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). AARMS 14(4),363-378.
The Meir Amit Intelligence and Terrorism information Center (November 2014). ISIS: Portrait of a Jihadi Terrorist Org
Kayode-Adedeji, T., Ige, O, & Ekanem, T.. (2016). Women entrepreneurs in Nigeria: Where us the mass media?. In Nelson, O., Ojebuyi, B.R, & Salawu, A. (Eds.), Impacts of the Media on African Socio-Economic Development (pp. 155-172). Hershey, PA: IGI Global
Odiboh, O., Olonode, A., Adesina, E., & Yartey, D. (2018). Influence of e-communication and digital culture on Nigeria’s indigenous socio-cultural systems: A focus on Abeokuta and Ota, Nigeria. Paper presented at the 2018 4th International Conference on Information Management (ICIM).
Okorie, N., Oyedepo, T., & Usaini, S. (2014). Internet and citizen journalism: Perspectives and issues in the global broadcast landscape. Journal of Language and Communication. 1(1), 16-19.
Okorie, N., Loto,G., and Omojola,O.(2018). Blogging, Civic Engagement and the coverage of political conflict in Nigeria: A study of nairaland.com. Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, 39(2), 291-298
Okorie, N., & Bigala, P. (2016). Creating HIV/AIDS awareness through localized communication for health development in South Africa. Journal of Health Management,18 (3),439-446
Okorie, N.,& Bwala, N. (2017). Measuring media campaigns effectiveness for environmental health for Sustainable Development: A study of Ebola outbreak in Lagos State, Nigeria. Journal of Health Management, 19 (4), 1-10
Okorie, N., & Salawu, A (2016). Effective use of media awareness campaigns for breast cancercare among woman: a comparative study” Journal of International Women’s Studies,17(4), 160-173.
Okorie, N., & Salawu, A. (2017). Can my wife be virtual-adulterous? An experiential study on Facebook, emotional infidelity and self-disclosure. Journal of International Women’s Studies, 18(2), 166-179
Omojola, O., Amodu, L., Okorie, N., Imhonopi, D., Yartey, D., & Adesina, E. (2018). Assessing the One-Lecture-One-Test Learning Model in Undergraduate Journalism Program Using Cohort Design. The Journal of Social Sciences Research, 4(12), 591-597.
Patra, S.(2018). Intersubjectivity world of virtual reality: Facebook users behavior in the context of privacy, self and identity, Media Watch Journal, 9(2), 182-193
Pindaye, S.(2016). Social media uses and effects: The case of Whatsapp in Africa. In Nelson, O., Ojebuyi, B.R, & Salawu, A. (Eds.), Impacts of the Media on African Socio-Economic Development (pp. 34-51). Hershey, PA: IGI Global
Saifuddin, N & Sualman, I.(2017). The portrayal of Islamic state in selected online newspapers in Malaysia: A framing approach, Journal of Media and Information Warfare, 9, 101-136,
Okorie Nelson (Ph.D. Covenant University, 2013) is a senior Lecturer in the Department of Mass Communication, Covenant University, Nigeria. His areas of academic interest are development communication and media studies.
Lanre Amodu (Ph.D., Covenant University, 2012) is a senior Lecturer in the Department of Mass Communication, Covenant University. His research related to development communication and public relations.
Jegede Ajibade (Ph.D., Covenant University, 2013) is a Lecturer in the Department of Sociology, Covenant University. His research area focuses on ICTs and criminology.
Evaristus Adesina is a Doctoral Researcher and an Assistant Lecturer of Mass Communication in Covenant University. His areas of research include health communication, public relations, development communication, mass media and society.
Olomola Martins is a undergraduate student in the Department of Mass Communication at Covenant University. His areas of research include among others; development communication, mass media and society.