Characterization of Muslims in Indian Cinema: A Study on ‘Earth: 1947’

In this 21st century, film is one of the greatest media of literature, culture, human psyches and contemporary society. Film is not only a piece of art but also a tool for social reform as it expresses the feeling of human and their idea of contemporary society. Film is mirrors that reflect the society. Now, more than 50 years later, the scars still run deep. The present situation continues to serve as brutal reminders of the history. People still slay in the name of religion, nationalism and patriotism. It will surely be accused of being anti-Muslim, anti-Hindu and anti-Sikh, depending on one’s political and religious allegiance. This study examines the content analysis of the film and how media shows information and also the ability to change the viewers’ perceptions. This process is looked through the representation of a film director, who offers a way to deconstruct the nationalist ideology with the aim to understand how Indian society functions. This study examines Indian cinema and Muslim image from Indo Canadian film maker Deepa Mehta’s Film “1947—Earth” . The aim of this text is to reconstruct the increase of communal hostility in India using films as a social critique by expounding that violence, far away from being a variation, may be a form of national identity, to trace the structure of a Muslim as a nation’s other by political power.